Tuesday, 6 August 2013

Stem Cells – What Are They and What They Do?

Stem cells are our bodies' raw materials. Under the right conditions, they divide and form new cells in the body, which are called daughter cells. These cells grow to become white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. These cells then perform their specified jobs in the body.

Researchers continue to work on stem cells, and hope for major breakthroughs in the coming years.

Stem Cell Transplant -

You may have heard about stem cell transplant in the news. And you may be wondering whether this procedure can help you or a loved-one with a serious disease. Well, the transplant is a life-saving procedure for patients with various types of blood cancer; the procedure introduces new and healthy stem cells in the body; this is done to replace the diseased or damaged bone marrow.

Autologous and Allogeneic -

Autologous transplants are ones, where bone marrow is removed from the patient itself.

Allogeneic transplants involve a donor, who is often someone from the family such as brother and sister.

Stem cells have started attracting a lot of attention from the researchers; these cells are being studied to understand how diseases develop in one's body. People who might benefit from stem cell therapies include those with spinal cord injuries, Parkinson's disease, heart disease, stroke, cancer, etc.